Blood clot disorders manifest within your body by affecting your platelets—components of your blood that assist with the clotting process. While usually treatable, these conditions can be extremely dangerous if left undiagnosed or untreated for long periods of time. Because of this, it's important to be aware of the symptoms of blood clot disorders.
If you feel that you or a loved one may be at risk, take a look at these common symptoms and risk factors of blood clot disorders.
Aches and pains
Many of the symptoms of a developing blood clot disorder (also called a hypercoagulable disorder) can be experienced on a sensory level during your day-to-day life. According to the American Society of Hematology, common symptoms of a blood clot may include sudden pain or inflammation of a limb, abdominal pain, diarrhea, or vomiting. Other common symptoms can involve chest pain, unwarranted perspiration, swelling or numbness in the left arm, shortness of breath, or coughing up blood.
While this is a wide range of symptoms, all of them require immediate medical attention. If you notice any of these occurring in yourself or someone around you, seek medical attention right away.
The risk factors that contribute to the development of blood clotting disorders are many and varied. One of the most significant factors will be the medical history of yourself and your family. If one of your parents or siblings suffered from hypercoagulable states, then you may be at higher risk for developing such a condition.
There are plenty of lifestyle factors you can eliminate or modify to mitigate your risk. Smoking, lack of exercise, long periods of sedentary behavior, some orally ingested contraceptives, and diets too high in cholesterol have all been shown to increase the risk of developing a blood clot. If any of these factors are currently present in your lifestyle, consult with a medical professional regarding what you can do to decrease your risk.
Evaluate your situation
According to the Cleveland Clinic, there are two main types of hypercoagulable disorders: inherited ones and acquired ones. As you may have guessed, inherited disorders are passed on genetically, while acquired ones are developed over time.
While both can be detrimental to one’s health, it's essential to develop an understanding of the diagnosis process to ensure that either type of condition can be detected early. Doctors may choose to analyze the past medical history of your family to determine your likelihood of contracting an inherited hypercoagulable state. A physician will evaluate whether you're a candidate for proper screening after evaluating your past medical history, family medical history, and lifestyle risk factors. These screenings, which come in the forms of laboratory tests, typically involve determining how your clotting processes respond to different medications.